The agrarian cycle is all or nothing. Either the work needs to be done or there is no work to be done. It is cyclical. It follows natural seasons. It is meaningful and useful work. No alienation. Productivity is driven by the amount of work there is to be done, not some arbitrary figure dreamed up in a bland office building somewhere. Inactivity (leisure) is just as valid as labour and certainly more valid than prescribed pseudo-activity.
The Industrial cycle is Fordist, mechanised, dehumanising, but involved nonetheless with the business of actual work. Leisure starts to become reified. Alienation begins.
The post-industrial pattern remains regimented but the veneer of productivity has worn thin and work is meaningless, dull, alienating and false. Leisure is totally reified to the point where labour is self-justifying and the our entire lives are subject to the whims of capital. Regulated commodified leisure is the enemy of spontaneity.
The structural nature of relations demands that labour power is bought for less than it is worth, creating a surplus – capital.
What looks like an exchange of equivalence is actually systemic exploitation.
Does the economy work for human beings or do human beings work for the economy?
Industrialisation creates ruthless exploitation but also the tools needed to escape a world of scarcity.
It is down to us to seize the initiative.